Addis Ababa University Students Follow Up

Transparency Ethiopia made a discussion with focal persons from the Addis Ababa University. The discussion focused on cascading on the formerly made discussions. The discussion included sharing the memorandum of understanding to forming anti corruption club, and introducing a template to develop an action plan.

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Induction training for the regional representatives

Transparency Ethiopia on May 25 and 26/2017 held a discussion with the regional representative and head office staff at Addis Ababa. The discussion focused on the evaluation of 2017 five months (January to May) performances and summer campaign. On the discussion, all region representatives presented their five months performance report.  Mr. kibreab Abera gave a presentation on "campaign and volunteerism". Following this, each representative presented their ideas and plans of summer campaign to be carried out in their respective regions. 

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Programmes/ Activities

Public Education, Advocacy and Legal Aid for Ethics and Anti-Corruption Work project

Transparency Ethiopia conducted half day workshop on November 18, 2016 at Desalegne Hotel in Addis Ababa. A total of 51(11 Female) participants drawn from Diverse stakeholders such as civil, society organizations, Government institutions, Professional Lawyers associations, Civil Society Fund II Technical unit staff, Board members of Transparency Ethiopia and journalist attended along with key officials from Federal Ethics and anti-corruption commission, European union delegation and representative of Transparency international attended the dialogue and project launching workshop. The project titled “Public Education, Advocacy and Legal Aid for Ethics and Anti-Corruption Works” which is funded by European Union introduced to participants and stakeholders dialogue on anti-corruption issues carried out.

The aim of the workshop is to bring together partners and enhance joint stakeholders’ effort to fight corruption as well as conduct official kick of the project. Based on the workshop program scheduled Mr. Kibreab Abera Executive Director of Transparency Ethiopia introduced the speakers and workshop activities.

Key note speech was addressed by Ato Eyasu Yimer Board V/chairman of TE

He recalled the first establishment of the organization in 2002. Before TE the organization was named as “Tirat” an Amharic word means quality. He also stated that TE contributed for anti-corruption movement and enabled the principles of Transparency International integrated in the movement. The organization based its intervention by resources contributed from members as well as supporters and these people deserve honor and heartedly thanks. Hence TE sill required diligent support from these people and board members to realize its objectives. Accordingly, while envisaging its future move the organization takes in to account the following directions:

Ø TE believes that fighting corruption demands to travel difficult journey and the fight is thus process based

Ø Fighting corruption should be inclusive and multi-dimensional work

Ø Firmly believe that The principle of partnership and stakeholder engagement is key in the movement b

Moreover, Ato Eyasu Yimer outlined the overall objectives of the organization and among mentioned are:

1) Enabling members of society to build Corruption free behavior and culture

2) Carry out unreserved effort to ensure accountability and transparency culture demonstrated at level of public officials and leaders of community organizations

3) Facilitate and strengthen values and norms that enlighten youth and children to be ethical, clearheaded and well-mannered citizens

4) Identify laws that help to fight corruption and enable their application and utilization by members of community

5) Work jointly with Government organizations and organize forums and symposiums’ to enhance awareness on legal frameworks and procedures

6) Create relations and network platforms with local and international organizations working on similar issue.

7) Conduct research on root causes of corruption and design prevention mechanism and take actions accordingly.

The V/Chairman also underlined that Corruption is, one of the major problems in the world today. It is deterring economic growth, hindering fair distribution of wealth, creating conflicts and instability, environmental degradation and compromising the rule of law. In connection to this, to fight this adversary, TE is closely and zealously working with relevant partners in joint manner. He announced the project funded by EU which is kicked off would take the effort to higher level. He also outlined the duration of the project which runs from July 2016 - December 2018.

Finally Ato Eyasu called up on all responsible bodies, citizens and institutions to join hand in hand in fight against corruption in determination even to contribute and support current government pledge to change country’s state of bad governance and widespread corruption

Key note was addressed by Mrs. Stephanie Carette, representative of EU

She started her speech by welcoming participants those of representatives of the Government of Ethiopia, Transparency Ethiopia, men and women. She said “It is a pleasure to welcome you today to the official launching of the Transparency Ethiopia Civil Society Fund II project titled "Public Education, Advocacy and Legal aid for Anti-Corruption Works". She stated that the Civil Society Fund II is one of several EU instruments to strengthen Ethiopian Civil Society Organizations. The main objectives are to increase non-state actor's capacity to engage in governance and development activities, and increase and improve their role in the national development and democratization process in Ethiopia. She said “ In this line, we are pleased to collaborate with Transparency Ethiopia in their efforts geared towards fighting corruption and mal-administration through their Civil Society Fund II funded project. They are one of the 17 Civil Society Organizations that won from a Call for Proposals launched last year.”

She stated that "Key components in Transparency Ethiopia project are: sensitizing the public, mobilizing and capacitating stakeholders and activists, provision of legal aid and referral services for victims and witnesses of corruption, and engaging decision makers. We understand Transparency Ethiopia is the only specialized local NGO fully dedicated to the promotion of actions against corruption". Moreover, Mrs. Stephanie expressed that Transparency Ethiopia is already linked to key state and non-state actors confronting corruption at national and sub-national levels. The EU Delegation expects that through this project, Transparency Ethiopia, in collaboration with you all, registers visible results demonstrating enhanced civil society participation in the anti-corruption movement. We encourage you all to assist and guide the implementation of the project.

“As you will learn today, they plan a wide range of activities, including trainings for university students, iddir leaders and other community volunteers, as well as for journalists; provision of legal aid for victims of corruption, surveys on state of corruption, media campaigns, Community conversation, and others. Today will give us the opportunity to discuss and weigh up these activities, their feasibility and potential impacts, to make sure they achieve the best possible results. By an adequate mix of activities and approaches, and their work with university students, who represent the country's future, Transparency Ethiopia will contribute to the national effort of fighting corruption and helping different stakeholders to provide better services. We encourage Transparency Ethiopia to seek dialogue with the different concerned partners and stakeholders, the start of which we will witness today in the presentations and discussions.”

Key note was addressed by Mr. Mekonnen Zerihun Federal Ethics & Anticorruption Commission Representative

Mr. Mekonnen expressed his happiness to deliver speech on the project to be launched and efforts made by Transparency Ethiopia in fight against corruption and supporting victims of corruption. Mr. Mekonnen elaborated various efforts made by FEACC in last 15 years such as applying different corruption prevention mechanism, prosecuting corrupted individuals, restoring plundered properties, mobilizing community against corruption and educating the public. He further explained that since 2003 EC, introduced follow up mechanism under its strategic plan to prevent corruption in areas of large public procurements, land administration, big infrastructure development, finance and tax, and Justice Administration. Moreover, since 2008 EC, focus has been given to shape the ethics and behavior of youth and children. He shared the outcome gained so far and strong ally created with community members, religious organizations, media, women and youth forum and Addis Ababa trade forum. However, since FEACC authority to prosecute transferred to Attorney general and Federal police, it will focus on the remaining works which have been undergoing.

He stated that as experiences show effective corruption fighting and movement required joint and collaborative effort. Hence, he said we need strong people participation in Ethiopia to fight corruption and stop its deterrent effect on social and economic development. Institutions to join hand in hand in fight against corruption in determination even to contribute and support current government pledge to change country’s state of bad governance and widespread corruption. Moreover, Mr. Mekonnen, indicated an existing and good partnership between his commission and Transparency Ethiopia in movement against anti-corruption and mal–Administration.

He recalled TE signed Memorandum of understanding with FEACC on August 2016 and while implementing the project he ensured that , FEACC will provide full support and work closely. Finally, he once again expressed his office readiness to collaborate for effective implementation of the project and supportive also other organizations working on against corruption and promote ethics.

Key note was addressed by Mrs. Chantal Uwamena Representing Transparency International (TI)

She described that TI is a global movement with one vision: a world in which government, business, civil society and the daily lives of the people are free of corruption. With more than 100 Chapters worldwide, about 30 Individual Members and an International Secretariat (based in Berlin / Germany), TI is truly a global movement that is leading the fight against corruption to turn its vision into reality by promoting transparency, accountability, participation and integrity at all levels (from the community level to the global level) and across all sectors of society. From its inception, TI has always understood the importance of building coalitions and partnerships to strengthen the anti corruption movement. The current TI strategy "Together against Corruption" is precisely a testimony to the importance TI sees in the need to work in coalitions and to build partnerships with a wide range of like-minded organizations, individuals and institutions.

Mrs. Chantal highlights the second Growth and Transformation Plan envisages Ethiopia´s transformation through 2 key pillars: a) increasing productivity, quality and competitiveness and b) enhancing capacity, participation and equitable benefits of citizens. The GTP is a national framework for the implementation of the global Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and the Africa Agenda 2063 "the Africa we want". Transparency Ethiopia project being launched is anchored in the GTP goals on good governance and public service reform, the SDG 16 and Aspiration 3 of the Africa´s Agenda 2063.

She concluded that:

1) the GTP provides a strong basis for all actors to promote transparency, accountability, participation and inclusion

2) For the success of the GTP, joint efforts and stakeholders engagement is key

3) Legally registered CSO like TE should be encouraged and supported to contribute to the implementation of the GTP

Finally she expressed her appreciations that “for Transparency International appreciates the good collaboration between TE and the Federal Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission. TI is proud of TE for its determination to continue working during a long period of financial hardship for the Chapter during which TE members had to contribute their own resources to maintain the Chapters activities. Transparency International is grateful to the EU Delegation to Ethiopia for the support provided to the Chapter by funding the project being launched. TI hopes that other development partners will join in with the understanding that funding similar projects by CSO is actually contributing to the success of the GTP.”

1) Presentation on Overview of Transparency Ethiopia and CSFII project

By CSFII project Coordinator: Abyote Assefa

Mr. Abyote briefly presented about TE establishment and structure including organizational organogram. Outlined that TE basically works for the creation of a public movement against corruption through raising awareness in the community and making different studies which help in formulating and amending policies. The emanation of the current project “Public Education, Advocacy and Legal Aid for Anti-Corruption Works” is a response to altering the deterring effect of Corruption on economic growth, fair distribution of wealth, and negative effect in creating conflicts and environmental degradation. Moreover, Corruption perception index 2014 by Transparency put Ethiopia 110th from 174 countries of the world and scored 33 out of 100 which need to be changed and TE and its partners will contribute for the improvement and TE is committed for the result. major objectives of Fighting corruption and mal-administration through building public taskforce and assisting victims and witnesses of corruption to mainstream good governance and anti-corruption values in equality and corruption-free provision of services.

Stated in the presentation are four expected results be realized in the project period; these are:

I) Public awareness about good governance and anti-corruption increased by at the end of the project period

II) Increased access to free legal services and aids for victims and witnesses of corruption (ALAC)

III) Increased engagement of media and active citizens in the promotion of good governance and anti-corruption movements

IV) Increased institutional capacity to support and sustainably deliver wide range of governance and anti-corruption education and services

Moreover, he stated that the project will be implemented in Addis Ababa, Adama, Bahir Dar, Hawassa and Mekelle targeting Local CSOs and Local Authorities, Media people, decision-makers, opinion leaders and professionals, Young People, active citizens & university students.

Highlight of project activities

· Trainings for “iddir” members and other community volunteers on the issues of good governance and anti-corruption

· Community conversation using local coffee ceremony will be conducted and reach 2500 people, in collaboration with Government structures and community organizations

· Trainings for “iddir” members and other community volunteers on the issues of good governance and anti-corruption

· Community conversation using local coffee ceremony will be conducted and reach 2500 people, in collaboration with Government structures and community organizations

· Promotional works concerning the ALAC ( free legal services and aids for victims and witnesses of corruption) made on social media, radio and flyers

· The ALAC service will be given in collaboration with regional representatives and lawyers in the Regions

· Over 1000 victims and witnesses of corruption and bad governance will be reached using all the centers

· Train 30 journalists on investigative journalism and court reporting

· In general, 7000 people will be reached physically (in Trainings, CC and legal support)

· Undertake survey to identify the level, depth and impact of corruption in different sectors, including its impact on women and children

· Periodic radio program in collaboration with radio program hosts to teach good governance and ways to demand accountability. Over 1,400,000 people will be reached in IEC, and media

Methodology

Moreover, key project Methodologies indicated during the presentation were:

Ø Grassroots based approach/partnering: All activities will be implemented through existing community structures

Ø Partnership building, Stakeholders dialogue and engagement

Ø Value for money approach: deliver actions through existing structures. Such as harnessing critical mass of young people and volunteers

Second Presentation on Multi-Stakeholder Approaches to Transparency and Accountability

By Ato Eyasu Yimer Board V/chairman of TE

The presentation was began with definition and The multi stakeholder governance model, sometimes known as a multi stakeholder initiative (MSI),[is a governance structure that seeks to bring stakeholders together to participate in the dialogue, decision making, and implementation of solutions to common problems or goals. Source:- ‘Wikipedia’

"The multi stakeholder process, involves the full involvement of all stakeholders, consensus-based decision-making and operating in an open, transparent and accountable manner. Stakeholder - an individual, group, or organization (businesses, civil society/NGO, governments, and research institutions, which has a direct or indirect interest or stake in a particular issue. Due to the Multi-dimensional impact of an action, necessitated a joint platform for positive dialogue. Accordingly, the key components in stakeholder movement are Government, private sector and CSOs.

Current Multi-stakeholder Transparency Initiatives

Transparency allows citizens, who are most impacted by projects, to:

Ø Monitor governments and company behavior, and hold them to account

Ø Better understand how policies and priorities are established.

Ø Ask questions, assert rights, challenge deals or demand improvements in order to improve livelihoods

As a result, transparency helps build trust and manage expectations between citizens, governments and investors

It was outlined that two Multi-stakeholder Initiatives under going to ensure transparency these are Construction Sector Transparency Initiative (CoST) and Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative.

The Construction Sector Transparency Initiative (CoST Initiative) is a country centered multi-stakeholder initiative designed to promote transparency and accountability in publicly financed construction. The Initiative comprises of Government, CSOs and the Private Sector; Launched in Ethiopia in 2008/9

v In total CoST – Ethiopia has assessed and disclosed 52 public projects of which the selected 25 construction projects worth around One Billion USD (two from health, three from education, six from water, and 14 from road sectors) with the associated Causes of Concern to the public

v CoST Ethiopia – has made assessment of selected Procuring Entities with respect to capacity of disclosure and conduciveness of the environment

v CoST – Ethiopia played its role in incorporation of Disclosure Article in the Procurement Proclamation - proactive disclosure

v CoST – has signed agreement with FEACC, Federal Audit, PPPA to make disclosure an audit item

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a global Standard to promote open and accountable management of natural resources. It seeks to strengthen government and company systems, inform public debate, and enhance trust. Launched in Ethiopia in 2010

v “Strategic Assessment of the Ethiopian Mineral Sector,” 2013. WB and other donors supported;

v Ethiopian Revenue Transparency (ERT) - Reconciliation report produced in 2011

v Amendment Proclamation 816/2013, recognizing the EEITI -Art. 42(k)

v Legal Assessment of the Mining Laws and related legislations;

v Mining Inventory

v Draft Act to establish the EEITI in the country produced

Discussion, dialogue and reflections by participants

Issues and belief shared on corruption

“Even a single corrupt person can spoil and the whole so must be dealt.”

“Corruption keeps someone in happiness but a killer like cancer”.

“It perverts human mind, denies healthy thinking and prevent fair competition. It is an epidemic which gets transmitted from individuals to individuals as love propagates too.”

During discussion participants underlined that human right would not be fulfilled unless good governance is ensured. Additional problems raised by participants which aggravate corruption include asking favor, requiring per diem or additional pay or unnecessary pay, creating delay , low wage and benefit, sending irrelevant person for meeting or conference, not providing timely response or solving problems on time. Most importantly., raised in the discussion that negative actions damaging the nation is corruption made by high officials and intellectuals . Moreover, mentioned that now a days students at university level are thinking to prosper in short cut and be wealthy by cheating others. In connection, a participant from Federal Human Right Commission mentioned that, “ a clever and bright student made up his mind in his last year of college education to be prosperous in short cut and he decided to join bank and cerate ways to embezzled money. Finally he joined bank and detected while involved in corruption and convicted.”

One of the participants reminded how we felt or injected the consequences of recent violence sparked in the country and how much damage occurred due to people outraged by mal-administration and rampant corruption. Another added that it is corruption and Mal-administration that drag the country in to state of emergency. Participants stressed that current political problem and its consequences is a good opportunity to respond a call of commitment by Government to fight corruption. Another participant from FEACC commented that the deep-rooted nature of corruption requires strong and joint action to dismantle it. In relation to private sectors, it was mentioned that some investors may believe or think to fulfill their demand by a power of money to get things done in short cut. For example, due to mal-administration about 33 areas are kept locked in Addis Ababa without production or construction. Thus this needs to work closely with private business sectors.

Thus stressed by all that people’s engagement is key in the movement and strong social mobilization should be in place. He added that FEACC has brought together 17 civic organization in network form to fight corruption and build ethics. Thus he stressed that the project to be implemented by TE would be an additional energy anti-corruption movement. Also a participant from Addis Ababa youth Association welcomed the initiative and happy to work closely. He said that there are about 102 clubs with whom the association is working and can work with TE to reach many youth in Addis Ababa. Moderators from the stage stressed that we all need to continual alarm the public its danger and reiterate now and then to be in safe side. To fight corruption there must be positive dialogue to fight corruption

Some thoughts, synergy and the way forward

Reaching universities is not enough; public officials are the one most corrupted and must be addressed. TE should get serious political support or need to enforce or show cases to Government. In connection, Government officials may not understand a problem up to lower level or at level. Thus is required to provide them information where the problem so that concrete action could be taken

· TE should consider additional actions to support government initiatives and work as corruption is rampant in public services. In connection, Seek to get a door opened by Government following a call to fight corruption and get access to key political players responsible for the task

· Corruption is so complex. Multi-stakeholders is essential and civic organization like TE should be replicated or TE should work closely with pertinent partners

· Need to work at school level both at primary and secondary level to inculcate ethics and build good personality; so closely partnership should be sought with Federal and regional education bureaus.

· Ensure regular media coverage and program on issues of Governance and Anti-corruption

· Ensure legal coverage and protection for victims of corruption and their witnesses through MOU with attorney general and Police

· TE and its board should develop SMART action plan and use all creative means such as involving artists, known persons, using ICT system, and other innovative way of dealing with corruption. In addition TE and its allies should lobby government change 10/90 policy so that funding could be obtained from international donors. On the way, TE should secure Income generation license from Government

· Create model youth and anti-corruption ambassadors to leaders of the future.

· Organize mute court or mock court so that to be invited people can learn court procedure and how corruption cases are handled

· Provide training on corruption crimes and procedures of human right for investigators so that cases processed and delivered to court effectively

· Send comments and Incorporate concerns on national Legal Aid strategy on issues of corruptions before endorsed

Finally in closing remark Ato Akalewold Bantirgu, the programme manager of the Technical Assistance Unit of CSFII, appreciated TE for bringing together a good mix of key stakeholders and for the quality discussions held. He suggested that TE should endeavor to accommodate some of the suggestions made by the stakeholders, for example focusing on major niche areas to make a difference, and also use opportunities in ITC to fight corruption. The enormity of the issue requires innovative approaches other than the conventional ones like training and awareness sessions. Ato Akalewold pledged the availability of TAU to assist TE in its efforts of delivering the expected results and complying with the requirements of the donor partner. This also includes helping to utilize the flexibility windows. In the end, he reminded the stakeholders that the CSF II/2 funding is inadequate to accomplish all activities under TE plans, hence stakeholders should assist or facilitate additional resource mobilization.

Issue based discussion in three academic institutions

TE conducted an issue based discussion in three academic institutions/ Dr.Adis Alemayew, Misrak Dil, Birhane Zare/ in Addis Ababa on the topic of developing Ethical youth and school community to curb corruption. The core issues in the discussion mainly focused on ethical principles. Integrity, responsibility, hard work, and loyalty are amongst the ethical principles that were briefly discussed.  This platform is part of the monthly issue based discussion platform which aims at increasing the membership base of our organization.

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